Jeff Barry, Ellie Greenwich, Don Kirshner, Connie Francis, Barry Mann, Doc Pomus, Neil Sedaka
Popular Music + Rock & Roll + Doo Wop + R&B + Pop-Rock Latin Rock = Brill Building
A subgenre of pop music named after the Brill Building in New York City, where numerous teams of professional songwriters penned songs for girl groups and teen idols in the early 1960s. It has also become a catch-all term for the period in which those songwriting teams flourished. In actuality, most hits of the mid 1950s and early 1960s were written elsewhere. The Brill Building's music was more sophisticated than other pop styles of the time, combining then-modern sounds with classic Tin Pan Alley songwriting. Its productions often featured orchestras and bands with large rhythm and guitar sections, while its lyrics focused on idealized romance and adolescent anxieties, only rarely exploring more mature themes. The genre dominated the American charts in the period between Elvis Presley's army enlistment in 1958 and the onset of the British Invasion in 1964. It declined thereafter, but demonstrated a continued influence on British and American pop and rock music in subsequent years, having introduced the concept of professional songwriters to traditional popand early rock and roll, and helping to inspire the girl group craze of the era. Other reasons for the style's decline was the tendency among writers and producers to duplicate earlier successes, resulting in many records that sounded the same, as well the changing nature of society and consumer markets.